Sedating a dog
Kate Cummings, DVM, DACVAA [email protected] Aggressive and/or fearful dogs present several challenges for the small animal practitioner.
These patients are difficult to fully evaluate and present a safety hazard to the clinic staff, veterinarian, and sometimes even the owner.
bringing overly aggressive dogs directly into an exam room vs.
having these dogs sit in a waiting room with other stressed/vocal animals) within the clinic setting to provide a patient more amenable to handling.
The injectable form, however, administered oral transmucosally (OTM) offers very reliable moderate to marked sedation within 20-30 minutes.
With this route of administration, the dose closely follows recommended intramuscular (IM) dosing (Table 1).
Gabapentin is an antiepileptic, anxiolytic, and pain management agent widely used in humans and more recently used in veterinary medicine for chronic pain therapy.
Acepromazine is used to calm fractious or aggressive animals.Trazodone is classified as a serotonin receptor antagonist and reuptake inhibitor (SARI), Onset of action is approximately one hour and the dose range can be large for this medication (Table 1), but for the purposes of pre-hospital sedation, it is recommended to start at 5 mg/kg.Melatonin, the naturally occurring hormone produced by the pineal gland, is available as a neutroceutical in dogs (Owners need to be made aware that their pet will often appear considerably more sedate at home.Supervision on stairs and getting into and out of the car should be recommended to clients with gabapentin alone or in combination with other sedatives.