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The government continued to rely on NGOs to provide the vast majority of victim assistance.
The government did not operate any domestic trafficking shelters, but it previously published a nationwide guidebook with information on NGOs and had referral agreements for certain NGO shelters to more effectively place victims in NGO-run shelters.
The government did not allocate sufficient funding for nationwide public awareness campaigns, and did not fund the victims' assistance fund.
The government took no discernable steps to address official complicity in trafficking crimes, which inhibited law enforcement action during the year.
The implementing regulations of the 2008 anti-trafficking act required police and immigration authorities to follow standardized procedures and use standardized forms for case investigation, and victim identification and referral; however, government funding for dissemination of the forms continued to be an obstacle in 2017, and thus the procedures were not widely used.
The 2008 anti-trafficking act mandated the government provide victims with psycho-social counseling, family tracing, family reunification, and temporary shelter, but the government did not provide those services to victims during the reporting period.
These figures compared to four repatriations in the previous reporting period.
An international organization reported identifying and repatriating three victims; two were Tanzanian victims in India and one was a Burundian victim in Tanzania.
During the reporting period, with support from an international organization, the government launched a national centralized anti-trafficking data collection and reporting tool.The 2008 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act criminalized labor and sex trafficking and prescribed punishments of two to 10 years imprisonment, a fine between 5 million and 100 million Tanzania Shillings (TZS) (,240 to ,740), or both for offenses involving adult victims and 10 to 20 years imprisonment, a fine between 5 million and 150 million TZS (,240 to ,110), or both for those involving child victims.These penalties were sufficiently stringent but, with regard to sex trafficking, by allowing for a fine in lieu of imprisonment, the penalties were not commensurate with those for other serious crimes, such as rape. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content.Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.